#!/bin/sh
                                             grep '^[12][0-9]' $0; exit

MINIX timeline (1961-2004)
==========================

 $Date: 2002/08/30 15:28:38 $$Revision: 1.63 $
 Copyright (C) 2002 minix-up project. Also BSD licence.

  This will be updated with the advances of the other sub projects.
  http://minix-up.sourceforge.jp/


At a glance
------------

  If you have Unix shell account, save this text, read the head
 carefully, then type below:

  $ chmod +x ./TIMELINE.txt
  $ ./TIMELINE.txt
  $ ./TIMELINE.txt | grep RELE | grep M

  -- You'll know what a few release information of Minix families
  yet! X)


Points of view
---------------

  - Time Sharing Systems
    - Prototyping [-1964]
    - Multics project and its influence [1964-]

  - Origin of Unix, and its philosophy  [1969-]
    - UNIX V7 -- A foundation of MINIX 1.0, and other Unixes [1979]

  - UNIX license restriction and MINIX [1984-1987]

  - UNIX standardization
    - POSIX.1 kernel interface [1988-]
      - The Single UNIX(R) Specification
    - POSIX.2 shell and utilities [1992-]

  - MINIX license restriction and Linux [1987-1991]
    - MINIX and its Folks

  - Intel 80386 and PC-Unix [1991-]
    - Personal computing and down-sizing
    - POSIX conformance

  - POSIX and MINIX 2.0 [1996-]
    - MINIX, its Folks, and border of the POSIX

  - MINIX license change [2000-]
    - Its direction and BSD license


---------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Type:  ANNO(unce) / HONO(r) / MISC(ellaneous) / PUBL(ish) / RELE(ase)

[  Date  ][Type][  Topic                                            ]
---------------------------------------------------------------------

2002-01-30 ANNO: The joint revision to, POSIX(R) and the Single UNIX(R) Specification (The Open Group)
http://www.unix-systems.org/version3/online.html
http://www.FreeBSD.org/projects/c99/

2001-11-30 RELE: MINIX/SH 1.1.1 (by minixsh@yahoo.co.jp)
http://minixsh.tripod.co.jp/index.html

2001-11-17 RELE: MINIX/SH 1.1 (by minixsh@yahoo.co.jp)
MINIX 2.0.2 based
http://minixsh.tripod.co.jp/index.html

2001-10    MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu 's mirror site had been changed
turing.oit.umass.edu -> minix1.bio.umass.edu
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/index.html#birthday

2001-09    RELE: Minix 2.0.3 (by Kees J. Bot)
"Removed: "Free for educational use" license.
 Added: "Free for any use" BSD style license."
"The big changes appear to be improved networking and swapping."
 And some replacement by Minix-vmd.
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/latenews.html
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/ftp/minix.2.0/2.0.3/changes.txt

2001       RELE: POSIX.1-2001 ( = The Single UNIX(R) Specification, Version 3)
"These volumes are also IEEE Std 1003.1-2001."
http://www.unix-systems.org/version3/online.html

2000-10-22 RELE: MINIX/SH 1.0 (by minixsh@yahoo.co.jp)
http://minixsh.tripod.co.jp/index.html

2000-05-07 MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu upgrade its hardware
"The old 486 ..."
"...this was replaced with a 100 Mhz Pentium system with 32M of RAM."
"and the OS has been upgraded to Minix 2.0.2."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/latenews.html

2000-04-08 ANNO: Minix-vmd also under BSD License
"The change in Minix licensing also affects Minix-vmd. "
"...and any changes introduced by Philip and me were already
 under a BSD style license."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/faq/mxlicense.html
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/faq/mxvmdlic.html

2000-04-07 ANNO: MINIX license changed ( BSD licence )
comp.os.minix, Andy Tanenbaum (ast@cs.vu.nl)
"The Minix license changed in April 2000, and applies retroactively to
 all previous Minix distributions, even though they still carry the old,
 more restrictive license within. "
http://groups.google.com/groups?oi=djq&selm=an_607967341
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/ftp/minix.2.0/index.html
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/faq/mxlicense.html

2000-02-29 ANNO: A port of Minix for HP Jornada 680/690 (by minixsh@yahoo.co.jp)
Hitachi SH7709A (SH3) 133MHz (32 bits RISC processor)
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/latenews.html
http://minixsh.tripod.co.jp/index.html

1999-04    RELE: A port of Minix 2.0.2 for ISICAD Prisma (by George Harvey)
http://ds.dial.pipex.com/town/way/fr30/minix/index.shtml
http://ds.dial.pipex.com/town/way/fr30/minix/porting.shtml
"I hope that the patches may be of use to people who are porting
 Minix to other 680x0 based platforms."

1999-02-08 RELE: Minix select() patches for Minix 2.0.2 (by George Harvey)
"This has been updated for Minix 2.0.2 and
 extended to support the INET network interface."
http://ds.dial.pipex.com/town/way/fr30/minix/porting.shtml
http://ds.dial.pipex.com/town/way/fr30/minix/downloads/contents.shtml

1999-01-01 RELE: Minix 2.0.2 (by Kees J. Bot)
"Its major features are the Minix under DOS option, allowing one to
 start Minix from MS-DOS, and improved networking support, including
 support for multiple network interfaces."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/latenews.html
ftp://minix1.hampshire.edu/pub/minix.2.0/2.0.2/fixes/fix-readclock
http://www.cs.vu.nl/pub/minix/2.0.2/changes-2.0.2

1998-12    MISC: Minix 2.0.2 (interim??)
"This server is now running Minix 2.0.2, released in December 1998. "
"minix1.hampshire.edu is now (2001-01-06) running Minix 2.0.2,
 32-bit (i386) for about four years."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1.html

1999-12-30 MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu had a mirror site
"Its availability (as turing.oit.umass.edu) was announced..."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1bio.html

1999-11    MISC: xMach project started
http://www.xmach.org/about.html

1998-10-17 MISC: Minix/X68K patch for Minix 2.0.0 (by Katsunori Suzuki)
* Minix 2.0.0, from the book's cd-rom
http://www.fsinet.or.jp/~suzu-kat/minix/2.0.0/index.html (Japanese)

1998-07-20 RELE: Minix/X68k 1.6.25 (by Katsunori Suzuki)
* Minix/X68k 1.5.10 + 1.6.25 patch for IBM-PC + 1.6.25 patch for ATARI-ST
* tools directory is yet only based 1.5.10
http://www.fsinet.or.jp/~suzu-kat/minix/index.html

1998-07-01 ANNO: MINIX 2.0 on the HP200LX Palmtop (by Dr. Richard L. Dubs)
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/latenews.html
http://users.erols.com/rld/

1998-05-08 ANNO: DOS-Minix testing (by Kees J. Bot)
"Minix 2.0.1 from MS-DOS! Run Minix using MS-DOS file system"
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/latenews.html
http://www.cs.vu.nl/pub/kjb/dostest/

1998-04    RELE: Minix/V (Kanji Console) for Minix 2.0.0 (by Katsuya Iida)
Updated from Minix/V for Minix 1.7.0
http://www-tokuda.cs.titech.ac.jp/~katsuya/minix/README (Japanese)

1998       MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu had a mirror site 'turing.oit.umass.edu'
"It is located at Al Woodhull's place of work in (*snip*)
 University of Massachusetts at Amherst."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/index.html#birthday
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1bio.html

1998       HONO: National Medal of Technology (Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie)
 For creating the UNIX operating system and C Language.
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/heritage/awards.html#nms

1997-05    PUBL: "The Cathedral and the Bazaar" (by Eric Steven Raymond)
"First official presentation at the Linux Kongress."
http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/cathedral-bazaar/

1997-03    RELE: FreeBSD 2.2 (by FreeBSD Project)
"Code taken from 4.4lite2"
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/freebsd

1997-02    MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu upgrade its hardware
"... it was upgraded to a 33Mhz 486 with 8M of RAM."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1.html

1997       PUBL: "Operating Systems- Design and Implementation Second Edition" (by Andrew S. Tanenbaum and Albert S. Woodhull)
"In January 1997 we had a party to celebrate the publication of the book. "
http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/tanenbaum/chapter0/
ent.htmlhttp://vig.prenhall.com/catalog/academic/product/1,4096,0136386776,00.html
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/osdi2/index.html
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/asw/pix/cut_out.jpg

1996-10    RELE: Minix version 2.0
"... is a modern POSIX-compliant version with network support."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1.html

1996-03-29 MISC: Last Release of Mach4 from Utah
http://www.cs.utah.edu/flux/mach4/html/Mach4-proj.html

1996-02    RELE: MINIX for X68000 (by whom???)
"May I introduce these changes by me, into Minix/X68k released 1996/02"(<- translation)
http://www.ai.is.uec.ac.jp/u/kat/minix.html (Japanese)

1996-02    MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu had WWW site
"Minix 1.7.0 on an 80386"
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/index.html#birthday

1995-11-28 RELE: MacMinix 1.5.10.7 put/moved into the ftp site.
"Seriously, we have not been able to find or contact the original developers!"
http://www.cs.vu.nl/pub/minix/macintosh/
http://www.pliner.com/macminix/

1995-10-04 RELE: OpenBSD beggining (by Theo de Raadt, NetBSD Project)
"Code taken from netbsd0.9"
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/openbsd
http://www.theos.com/deraadt/coremail

1995-07-18 MISC: "Heads the effort to create the Plan 9 operating system" (Dennis Ritchie)
'The Plan 9 operating system, named for the science-fiction cult
 movie "Plan 9 From Outer Space," was designed by the inventors
 of the UNIX(R) system...'
http://www.lucent.com/press/0795/950718.bla.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/ritchiebio.html

1995-01    RELE: FreeBSD 2.0 (by FreeBSD Project)
"Code taken from 4.4lite"
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/freebsd

1994-12-20 MISC: Start creating the OpenBSD project
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/openbsd
http://www.theos.com/deraadt/coremail

1994-11-12 RELE: 386BSD 1.0 (by William and Lynne Jolitz)
http://www.386bsd.org/
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/386bsd
http://www.jp.netbsd.org/Misc/history.html
http://www.jp.netbsd.org/ja/Misc/history.html (Japanese)

1994-10    MISC: CMU stoped development work on Mach OS Kernel
"Development work on Mach is also continuing at the Open Software
 foundation, University of Utah's Flexmach project, Helsinki University
 of Technology's LITES system and the Free Software Foundation's
 HURD system. "
http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/mach/public/www/status.html

1994??     MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu upgrade its hardware??
"Minix1 was originally set up on a 386 with 2M of RAM in early 1994."
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1.html

1994-04    MISC: minix1.hampshire.edu began operation (anonymous ftp only)
"Minix 1.5 on an 80286 system"
'The oldest web site based upon standard Minix'
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/index.html#birthday

1994       HONO: Winner of the 1994 ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (Andrew S. Tanenbaum)
http://www.acm.org/awards/kvk_citations/tanenbaum.html

199?       MISC: Flame war "FreeBSD or Linux"
'From time to time, a thread in both the comp.os.386bsd.misc and 
 comp.os.linux.misc groups flares up regarding which operating
 system is "better", FreeBSD or Linux.'
http://cynjut.neonramp.com/FAQ_00

1993-11-01 RELE: FreeBSD 1.0 (by ??)
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/misc/release/NetBSD/NetBSD-0.8 (text)

1993-04-21 RELE: NetBSD 0.8 (by Chris G. Demetriou, comp.os.386bsd.misc)
"NetBSD is a new system, based heavily on 386BSD 0.1, with
 many improvements over 386BSD 0.1, and with different goals
 than those which are espoused by the principal developers
 of 386BSD.  NetBSD, as the name implies, is a creation of
 the members of the network community and without the net,
 it's likely that this release wouldn't have come about."
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/misc/release/NetBSD/NetBSD-0.8 (text)
http://www.netbsd.org/Changes/changes-0.8.html
"NetBSD developers started with the existing 386BSD files, and
 compared them to the unencumbered, freely releasable files from
 BSD 4.4. "
http://cynjut.neonramp.com/FAQ_00

1993       HONO: Fellow of the ACM (Andrew S. Tanenbaum)
http://www.acm.org/awards/fellows_citations_n-z/tanenbau.html

1992-11-03 MISC: Minix 1.6.25 was put on Minix-vmd site?
http://www.Minix-vmd.org/source/std/1.6.25/include/sys/

1992-07-14 RELE: 386BSD 0.1 (by William and Lynne Jolitz)
"CD distributions only"
"These files are the primary reason you won't find the
 original 386BSD Version 0.1 available for FTP anymore."
http://cynjut.neonramp.com/FAQ_00

1992-06    RELE: 386BSD 0.0 (by William and Lynne Jolitz)
http://wombat.doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/foldoc.cgi?386BSD
http://cynjut.neonramp.com/FAQ.html
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-current/src/share/misc/bsd-family-tree

1992-01-29 MISC: "LINUX is obsolete"(Andy Tanenbaum, comp.os.minix)
http://www.dina.dk/~abraham/Linus_vs_Tanenbaum.html
http://www2.educ.umu.se/~bjorn/mhonarc-files/obsolete/
http://www.coda.cs.cmu.edu/doc/talks/linuxvfs/tsld006.htm
http://www.xach.com/linux_is_obsolete.html
http://alge.anart.no/linux/history/linux_is_obsolete.txt
http://www.kde.org/food/linux_is_obsolete.html
Japanese Translation:
http://www.law.co.jp/okamura/OpenSource_Web_Version/appen_A/appen_A.html

1992-01?   RELE: BSD/386 0.3.1 (by CSRG, UCB)
* BSD/OS in the future
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/bsdi

1992       RELE: POSIX.2 established
"POSIX.2-1992     shell and utilities               Solaris 2.5"
http://www.sunspot.noao.edu/cgi-bin-local/man-cgi?POSIX.2+5
http://www.ecn.bris.ac.uk/cgi-bin/man2html?standards%5B5%5D

1991-10-05 RELE: Freax 0.02 (by Linus Tobalds, comp.os.minix)
"Free minix-like kernel sources for 386-AT"
"It is just version 0.02, but I've successfully run
 bash/gcc/gnu-make/gnu-sed/compress etc under it. "
"These sources still need minix-386 to be compiled (and gcc-1.40,
 possibly 1.37.1, haven't tested), and you need minix to set it up
 if you want to run it, so it is not yet a standalone system for
 those of you without minix."
http://www.linuxvalley.it/startgrid/linus1stemail.php
http://ragib.hypermart.net/linux/ (included)

1991??     RELE: Freax 0.02 was put into ftp server, with directory named "Linux" (by Ari Lemmke, created long ago)
"I originally intended it to be called freax"
"(freax is obviosly free + freak + the obligatory -x)"
"But arl called the linux directory at nic.funet.fi pub/OS/Linux,
 and the name stuck.  Maybe just as well: freax doesn't sound too
 good either"
"It's partly due to minix: linux was just my working name for
 the thing, and as I wrote it to replace minix on my system,
 the result is what it is...  linus' minix became linux."
http://home.ins.de/~m.hussmann/linux/linux.faq.nov.1992.html
http://hotwired.lycos.com/collections/hacking_warez/5.08_linux3.html
http://www.funet.fi/~arl/

1991-09-17 MISC: The kernel version 0.01 compiled ( in minix 1.5.10 + 386 patch )
http://www.vision25.demon.co.uk/prog/linuxbirthday.html
http://www.linux10.org/history/
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/linux

1991-08-25 ANNO: Yet another free operating system for 386 (by Linus Benedict Torvalds, University of Helsinki, comp.os.minix)
* It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc)
* multi-threaded fs ("it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks")
* ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40)
"In its very early days, Linux was cross-developed under the Minix operating system" (It's not standard minix, it's Minix with 386 patch)
http://ragib.hypermart.net/linux/
http://www.thestandard.com/article/0,1902,9457,00.html
http://www.chipcenter.com/eexpert/gdorman/gdorman057-3.html
http://www.linuxbeginner.org/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=21
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_1507000/1507326.stm
http://mm.iit.uni-miskolc.hu/Data/texts/Linux/SAG/node76.html

1991-07-03 MISC: Working in minix, for a project  (by Linus Benedict Torvalds)
http://www.unix-wizards.com/linux-history.html
http://alge.anart.no/unix/history/linux-history (the same)
http://www.univ.com.br/ACMM/Diversos/ExploDer/linux_manifesto.htm

1991-01-02 MISC: Story about Japan & Amoeba, etc (MINIX-L)
http://listserv.nodak.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind9101a&L=minix-l&D=0&O=D&P=612

1991-01-01 MISC: MINIX-L (list for MINIX) started, with MINIX 1.5 information sheet
"It runs on the IBM PC, XT, AT, PS/2, 386, and most clones."
"Versions are also available for the Atari ST, Macintosh, and Amiga."
http://listserv.nodak.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind9101a&L=minix-l&O=D&P=61

1991       MISC: Latest work for MacMinix 1.5, by Plentice-Hall Inc.(See animated GIF)
(Maybe, Minix 1.5.10.1 .. 1.5.10.7 was released in 1991)
http://www.geocities.co.jp/SiliconValley-Cupertino/4427/macminix.htm
http://www.geocities.co.jp/SiliconValley-Cupertino/4427/boot.gif

1990-12-?? MISC: Talks about MacMinix 1.5 (MINIX-L)
"Santa brought me Minix 1.5 for the Amiga this Christmas. "
"Last week my copy of MacMinix 1.5 finally arrived from P-H"
http://listserv.nodak.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind9101a&L=minix-l&D=0&O=D&P=701
http://listserv.nodak.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind9101a&L=minix-l&D=0&O=D&P=1534

1990-04-21 MISC: Minix 1.5 was put on Minix-vmd site?
"MINIX 1.5 is an intermediate form:it still supports the V7 system
 calls and has a Kernighan and Ritchie C compiler, but virtually all
 the individual files are ANSI C conformant (and also K&R conformant)."
http://www.Minix-vmd.org/source/std/1.5/include/sys/ (see time-stamp)
http://www.pliner.com/macminix/documentation/intro.pdf

1990       MISC: The MINIX development project (by Scott Larribeau)
http://www.csc.calpoly.edu/projects/theses.html

1990       MISC: Latest work for Minix 1.5, by Plentice-Hall Inc. (See animated GIF)
http://www.geocities.co.jp/SiliconValley-Cupertino/4427/macminix.htm
http://www.geocities.co.jp/SiliconValley-Cupertino/4427/boot.gif

1990       ANNO: Porting the Minix Operating System to the Leopard-1 Workstation
(David Bover, Graeme Doherty, Matthew Donaldson, Gordon Irlam &
 Jeremy Webber, The University of Adelaide)
http://www.base.com/gordoni/minix-port.html

1990       RELE: POSIX.1 updated
"POSIX.1-1990     POSIX.1-1988 update               Solaris 2.0"
http://www.sunspot.noao.edu/cgi-bin-local/man-cgi?POSIX.1+5
http://www.cs.bgu.ac.il/cgi-bin/man-cgi?POSIX.1+5
http://www.ecn.bris.ac.uk/cgi-bin/man2html?standards%5B5%5D

1989       PUBL: "The C Programming Language, ANSI C Edition" (by K&R)
http://shop.barnesandnoble.com/textbooks/booksearch/isbninquiry.asp?isbn=0131103628

1989       HONO: C&C Prize (Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie, awarded by the NEC Corporation)
 "For creating the UNIX operating system and C Language."
 * C&C = Computers and Communication)
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/heritage/awards.html#nms
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/ritchiebio.html <- see below 1972??

1988       PUBL: "The C Programming Language, Second Edition" (by K&R)
(Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie, known as K&R)
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/cbook/index.html

1988       RELE: POSIX.1 estabished (IEEE  Std  1003.1-1988)
"POSIX.1-1988     system interfaces and headers     SunOS 4.1"
http://www.sunspot.noao.edu/cgi-bin-local/man-cgi?POSIX.1+5
http://www.cs.bgu.ac.il/cgi-bin/man-cgi?POSIX.1+5
http://www.ecn.bris.ac.uk/cgi-bin/man2html?standards%5B5%5D
http://standards.ieee.org/reading/ieee/std_public/description/posix/

1987-01    PUBL: "Operating Systems - Design and Implementation (1st Edition, by Andrew S. Tanenbaum)"
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/osdi2/index.html
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0136374069/

1987-01    RELE: "MINIX -- which stands for Mini-UNIX" (by Andrew S. Tanenbaum)
"Mini 1.0 resembled the 7th Edition UNIX of the early 1980s"
"for the IBM PC and PC/AT only"
"MINIX was originally written to be system call compatible with V7 UNIX,"
"Early versions of Minix were similar to the ATT UNIX 7th Edition
 in its operation, although quite different internally."
"The platform Andy used was PC/IX, UNIX on the 8088 written by ISC for IBM."
http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/tanenbaum/chapter0/custom4/deluxe-content.html
http://www.pliner.com/macminix/documentation/intro.pdf (PDF)
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/minix1.html
http://www.kclug.org/old_archives/linux-activists/1992/mar/0/0116.shtml
http://www.kclug.org/old_archives/linux-activists/1992/mar/0/0128.shtml
http://www.kclug.org/old_archives/linux-activists/1992/mar/0/0131.shtml

1985       MISC: "Work on the Mach operating system was started" (at CMU)
http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/mach/public/www/overview.html

1984       MISC: AT&T "obtains the right to enter the computer business"
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/business.html
http://www.dimi.uniud.it/~miculan/Didattica/SistOp/unix-history.html

1983-06    PUBL: "The C Programming Language, Digital Equipment Corporation Edition" (by K&R)
(Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie, known as K&R)
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0131099507/

1983       MISC: Bjarne Stroustrup develops the first version of C++
http://www.research.att.com/history/83cplus.html
http://www.research.att.com/info/Innovators/bs
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/blcontributions.html

1983       HONO: Bell Labs Fellow ( Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie )
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/thompsonbio.html

1981       RELE: UNIX System III (Commercial)
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/versions.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/blcontributions.html

1980-04    RELE: 2.79BSD (by ??)
"Note: 2.79 doesn't have any AT&T UNIX source code in it."
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/2bsd

1980-03??  RELE: 3BSD (by ??)
1979??     RELE: 3BSD (by ??)
"This intelligent memory management convinced the DARPA (Defence
 Advanced Research Projects Agency) to fund the Berkeley Team for
 the later development of a standard UNIX system."
http://www.fht-esslingen.de/studentisches/Computer_Geschichte/grp5/bsd_team.html
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/4bsd

1979-09    MISC: Language Design and Programming Methodology conference (Sydney, Australia)
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html

1979-01    RELE: UNIX Seventh Edition
"first portable UNIX"
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/research
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-current/src/share/misc/bsd-family-tree (text)

1979       MISC: Innovation of DSP (Digital Signal Processor)
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/changedworld.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/timeline.html

1978-03-09 RELE: 1BSD(Berkeley Software Distribution) ( by ?? , UCB )
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/2bsd

1978       PUBL: "The C Programming Language" (1st Edition, by K&R)
(Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie, known as K&R)
http://shop.barnesandnoble.com/textbooks/booksearch/isbninquiry.asp?isbn=0131103628

1977       RELE: Mini-UNIX ( is not MINIX )
"Mini-UNIX is a very cut-down 6th Edition that ran on PDP-11s without
 memory management."
http://minnie.tuhs.org/UnixTree/MiniUnix/
http://minnie.tuhs.org/PUPS/node6.html

1975-1976? MISC: Kenneth Thompson went back to Berkelay
1976-1977? MISC: Kenneth Thompson went back to Berkelay
 "to teach as a visiting professor at the Computer Science Department
 at the University of California-Berkeley (UCB). What he taught,
 of course, was the UNIX system.
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/sharing.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/thompsonbio.html

1975       MISC: USENIX started
http://www.usenix.org/about/

1975-05    RELE: UNIX 6th Edition (v6, Bell Labs)
"Western Electric, the predecessor organization to Lucent
 Technologies, begins external licensing of UNIX."
"UNIX had been distributed via academic licenses, which
 were relatively inexpensive, and government and commercial licenses
 from about 1975"
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/sharing.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/blcontributions.html
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/research
http://www.fht-esslingen.de/studentisches/Computer_Geschichte/grp5/sixth_ve.html

1973-11    RELE: UNIX 4th Edition (v4, Bell Labs)
"Perhaps the most important watershed occurred during 1973, when the
 operating system kernel was rewritten in C. It was at this point
 that the system assumed its modern form; the most far-reaching
 change was the introduction of multi-programming. 
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/research

1972       MISC: The C programming language was established ( by Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie )
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/timeline.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/changedworld.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/blcontributions.html 1973??

1971-11-03 RELE: UNIX 1st Edition (v1, Bell Labs)
"This version was used for text processing and ran on a PDP-11/20."
http://www.fht-esslingen.de/studentisches/Computer_Geschichte/grp5/first_ve.html
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/research

1971       MISC: "Moves UNIX from the PDP-7 to the PDP-11 (by Kenneth Thompson)"
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/thompsonbio.html

1971       MISC: Work began on what was to become the C language
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/btoc.html

1969       MISC: The name suggested "Unix" ( by Brian Kernighan )
http://www.fht-esslingen.de/studentisches/Computer_Geschichte/grp5/unix_des.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/almost.html

1969-09    MISC: UNIX was born (PDP-7 version, by Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie )
"Structurally, the file system of PDP-7 UNIX was nearly identical
 to today's. It had..."
"Every program for the original PDP-7 UNIX system was written
 in assembly language"
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/research
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/timeline.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/75/changedworld.html

1969       MISC: Withdrawal of the Bell Labs from the Multics project
"For computer science at Bell Laboratories, the period 1968-1969
 was somewhat unsettled."
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/chaos.html
http://www.fht-esslingen.de/studentisches/Computer_Geschichte/grp5/first_st.html

1968       MISC: Dennis Ritchie joins the team working on Multics
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/ritchiebio.html

1967       MISC: Dennis Ritchie joins Bell Labs
"completes work on his doctorate at Harvard"
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/thompsonbio.html
http://www.dimi.uniud.it/~miculan/Didattica/SistOp/unix-history.html 1968??

1966       MISC: Kenneth Thompson joins Bell Labs, working on the Multics
"finishes studies at University of California at Berkeley (UCB)"
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/thompsonbio.html
http://www.dimi.uniud.it/~miculan/Didattica/SistOp/unix-history.html

1965?      MISC: Try to develop 'Mutltics' (by BTL, GE, MIT)
"The development of the system was undertaken as a cooperative effort
 involving the Bell Telephone Laboratories (from 1965 to 1969), the
 computer department of the General Electric Company, and Project MAC
 of M.I.T."
http://www.multicians.org/f7y.html
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/chaos.html

1964?      MISC: Try to develop 'Mutltics' (by BTL, GE)
 "Bell Labs, MIT and General Electric try to develop
 the Multiplexed Information and Computing Service (Multics), as
 a successor to BESYS (Bell Operating System) and the Compatible
 Time-Sharing Service (CTSS) system of MIT."
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/blcontributions.html
http://www.multicians.org/history.html

1961       MISC: The Compatible Timesharing System (MIT Computation Center)
 "CTSS was first demonstrated in 1961 on the IBM 709"
http://www.multicians.org/history.html
http://www.multicians.org/f7y.html


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References
===========


MINIX Stuff
-----------

Andrew S. Tanenbaum (Vrije Universiteit)
http://www.cs.vu.nl/~ast/

Albert S. Woodhull (University of Massachusetts)
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/asw/index.html (old)
http://www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~woodhull/ (new)

MINIX INFORMATION SHEET (about 2.0, Maintained by Andy Tanenbaum)
http://www.cs.vu.nl/~ast/minix.html

MINIX (distributing standard MINIXes, from 1.5 to the latest)
http://www.cs.vu.nl/pub/minix/

MINIX1.HAMPSHIRE.EDU (by Albert S. Woodhull, 1996-)
http://minix1.hampshire.edu/

MINIX-L: Archives of MINIX-L@LISTSERV.NODAK.EDU (1991-)
http://listserv.nodak.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A0=minix-l&D=0&O=D

Minix, uClinux and Linux on the ISICAD Prisma (by George Harvey)
http://ds.dial.pipex.com/town/way/fr30/index.shtml

MINIX on the HP200LX Palmtop (by Dr. Richard L. Dubs, 1998)
http://users.erols.com/rld/

MINIX for X68k (by Katsunori Suzuki, 1996-1998)
http://www.ai.is.uec.ac.jp/u/kat/minix.html (Japanese)

Minix/X68k (by suzu-kat@fsinet.or.jp, -1998)
http://www.fsinet.or.jp/~suzu-kat/minix/

Porting the Minix Operating System to the Leopard-1 Workstation
(David Bover, Graeme Doherty, Matthew Donaldson, Gordon Irlam &
 Jeremy Webber, The University of Adelaide, 1990)
http://www.base.com/gordoni/minix-port.html

Brad Pliner's MacMinix Page
http://www.pliner.com/macminix/

MacMinix Documentation (PDF, Plentice-Hall, maybe 1991)
http://www.pliner.com/macminix/documentation/

MacMinix On G3 PAGE - and gif movies (by takanoshin@geocities.co.jp, maybe 2001)
http://www.geocities.co.jp/SiliconValley-Cupertino/4427/macminix.htm

Minix/V (Kanji Console) for Minix 2.0.0 (by Katsuya Iida, 1998)
http://www-tokuda.cs.titech.ac.jp/~katsuya/minix/README


NetNews / E-mail resource
-------------------------

Subject: So you say you want an interim release of 386bsd?
(by Chris G. Demetriou, comp.os.386bsd.announce,
 comp.unix.bsd,comp.os.386bsd.misc, 1993-04-19)
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/misc/release/NetBSD/NetBSD-0.8

Subject: Birthday (by Linus Benedict Torvalds, 1992-07-31)
http://alge.anart.no/unix/history/linux-history
http://www.unix-wizards.com/linux-history.html

Subject: LINUX is obsolete (by Andy Tanenbaum, 1992-01-29)
http://www.dina.dk/~abraham/Linus_vs_Tanenbaum.html
http://www2.educ.umu.se/~bjorn/mhonarc-files/obsolete/
http://www.coda.cs.cmu.edu/doc/talks/linuxvfs/tsld006.htm
http://www.xach.com/linux_is_obsolete.html
http://alge.anart.no/linux/history/linux_is_obsolete.txt
http://www.kde.org/food/linux_is_obsolete.html
Japanese Translation:
http://www.law.co.jp/okamura/OpenSource_Web_Version/appen_A/appen_A.html

Subject: Free minix-like kernel sources for 386-AT
(by Linus Benedict Torvalds, comp.os.minix, 1991-10-05)
http://www.linuxvalley.it/startgrid/linus1stemail.php
http://ragib.hypermart.net/linux/ (included)

Subject: What would you like to see most in minix?
 (by Linus Benedict Torvalds, comp.os.minix, 1991-08-25)
http://www.chipcenter.com/eexpert/gdorman/gdorman057-3.html
http://ragib.hypermart.net/linux/ (included)
http://www.linux10.org/history/ (included)


Linux Stuff
-----------

'OpenSources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution' Online
(Edited by Chris DiBona, Sam Ockman, Mark Stone, 1999-01)
http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/opensources/book/toc.html
http://www.law.co.jp/okamura/OpenSource_Web_Version/Web_version991206.html (Japanese translation)
# Appendix A 'The Tanenbaum-Torvalds Debate' describes 'LINUX is obsolete'

History of Linux (by Ragib Hasan, -2000)
http://ragib.hypermart.net/linux/

Linux10: Linux History
http://www.linux10.org/history/

Linux FAQ Nov 1992 (Since 1992-09)
http://home.ins.de/~m.hussmann/linux/linux.faq.nov.1992.html

A Brief History of Linux (by Annalee Newitz, TheStandard.com, 2000)
http://www.thestandard.com/article/0,1902,9457,00.html

History of Linux filesystems (by Andrew Anderson, 1996)
(A part of 'Design and Implementation of the Second Extended Filesystem')
http://mm.iit.uni-miskolc.hu/Data/texts/Linux/SAG/node76.html

Linux: In the beginning.. (by Z3K3, unknown)
http://www.linuxbeginner.org/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=21

Happy birthday Linux (BBC NEWS, 2001)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_1507000/1507326.stm

The Greatest OS That (N)ever Was (by By Glyn Moody, Wired magazine, Aug 1997)
http://hotwired.lycos.com/collections/hacking_warez/5.08_linux1.html

LINUX manifesto (BOOT Magazine, Sept. 1998)
http://www.univ.com.br/ACMM/Diversos/ExploDer/linux_manifesto.htm

Kansas City Linux User Group - Historical linux kernel archives (1991-1993)
http://www.kclug.org/old_archives/

The Home Page of arl at ftp.funet.fi
http://www.funet.fi/~arl/


UNIX backgrounds
----------------

Mail archive of Theo De Raadt and the NetBSD core (1994-1995)
http://www.theos.com/deraadt/coremail

The History of the NetBSD Project
http://www.jp.netbsd.org/Misc/history.html
http://www.jp.netbsd.org/ja/Misc/history.html (Japanese)

The UNIX system family tree: Research and BSD (Family tree & Timeline)
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/NetBSD-current/src/share/misc/bsd-family-tree

386bsd.org (You can see the packages of 386BSD here)
http://www.386bsd.org/

386BSD from FOLDOC (Free On-Line Dictionary Of Computing)
http://wombat.doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/foldoc.cgi?386BSD

386BSD, NetBSD, and FreeBSD FAQ
http://cynjut.neonramp.com/FAQ.html

University of California, Berkeley (1868-)
http://www.berkeley.edu/

xMach.org (by xMach group, 1999-)
http://www.xmach.org/

The Mach 4 Project (Flex/Mach project, University of Utah, -1996)
http://www.cs.utah.edu/flux/mach4/html/Mach4-proj.html

CMU CS Project Mach (Carnegie Mellon University, 1985-1994)
http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/project/mach/public/www/mach.html

UNIX ON-LINE Man Pages (Solaris)
http://www.sunspot.noao.edu/cgi-bin-local/man-cgi

SunOS 5.6 Manual Pages (Online)
http://www.ecn.bris.ac.uk/cgi-bin/man2html

AT&T Labs-Research History
http://www.research.att.com/history/

The Unix Heritage Society
http://www.tuhs.org/

The Unix Tree (Old version's source/manuals)
http://minnie.tuhs.org/UnixTree/

PDP Unix Preservation Society
http://minnie.tuhs.org/PUPS/

UNIX History Graphing Project
http://minnie.tuhs.org/Unix_History/

USENIX (1975-)
http://www.usenix.org/about/

The History of Computers
http://www.fht-esslingen.de/studentisches/Computer_Geschichte/

UNIX Chronology (timeline)
http://www.dimi.uniud.it/~miculan/Didattica/SistOp/unix-history.html

The Evolution of the Unix Time-sharing System (Dennis M. Ritchie, 1979-1984)
http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html

The Creation of the UNIX* Operating System (Bell Labs)
http://www.bell-labs.com/history/unix/

Multics History
http://www.multicians.org/history.html

Multics--The first seven years (by F. J. CORBATÉā and J. H. SALTZER, MIT, and C. T. CLINGEN, Honeywell Information Systems Inc. )
http://www.multicians.org/f7y.html


Other organizations
-------------------

IEEE (Eye-triple-E, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.,)
"The IEEE and its predecessors, the AIEE (American Institute of
 Electrical Engineers) and the IRE (Institute of Radio Engineers),
 date to 1884."
http://www.ieee.org/about/whatis/

ACM (Association for Computing Machinery, founded in 1947,)
"ACM is the world's oldest and largest educational and scientific
 computing society"
http://www.acm.org/about_acm/


Booksellers
-----------

Prentice-Hall, Inc. (unknown)
http://www.prenhall.com
http://www.pearson.com/aboutus/history.htm

Amazon.com (online, 1995-)
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/subst/misc/company-info.html

Barnes & Noble.com (online, 1997-)
http://www.barnesandnoble.com/help/a_bn_com.asp


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* 'UNIX'(all-upper-case) is a registered trademark of The Open Group.
    see http://www.unix-systems.org/trademark.html